California law permits an ex-smoker with lung cancer to sue Philip Morris USA, even though she filed the case many years after she had been diagnosed with a tobacco-related disease, an appeals court has ruled.
Nikki Pooshs was a longtime smoker who was diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 1989. Many years later, she was diagnosed with lung cancer, and she sued cigarette manufacturers in 2004.
Cigarette companies had argued that the lawsuit was barred by the statute of limitations, which they said began ticking with the earliest injury.
But on Thursday, the Supreme Court of California by general consent ruled that an earlier disease did not trigger the statute of limitations for a lawsuit brought over a disease discovered later.
The case now shifts back to the federal courts, which had asked California’s top court for guidance on state law.
Philip Morris USA is disappointed in the decision, said Steve Callahan, a representative of the company’s parent, Altria Group Inc.
The case addresses a narrow point of law, he added. “The decision would be relevant only in a very small fraction of cases filed.”
Lloyd LeRoy, who represents Pooshs, said there is no way of knowing how wide the impact will be. The ruling prevents premature litigation from people who don’t have a serious injury, but for those whose conditions worsen, it allows them to vindicate their rights, he said.
“The courtroom door will be open to them,” LeRoy said.
The case in the Supreme Court of California is Nikki Pooshs v. Philip Morris USA Inc., et al., No. S172023.
For the plaintiff: Alan Brayton, Gilbert Purcell and Lloyd LeRoy of Brayton Purcell.
For Philip Morris: Daniel Collins and David Han of Munger, Tolles & Olson.
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