As pro-tobacco forces frequently do not take account of less well-funded tobacco-control programs, worldwide tobacco consumption is still high, especially in low- and middle-earnings countries, according to the largest research on tobacco consumption.
The research found out that more moneys are needed to completely introduce tobacco-control methods to keep people informed about the harmful impacts of products containing tobacco and encourage them give up smoking.
The major study author Gary Giovino, chairman of the department of community health at the University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, said that the findings of the study demonstrates tobacco industry’s efforts to sell their products. He added that efforts comprise marketing and mass media campaigns by firms that try to make smoking seem eye-catching, especially for women. The industry’s marketing efforts give tobacco use the same status as freedom and gender equality.
14 low- and middle-income countries were involved in the research. Particularly, the investigators directed attention to Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Mexico, the Philippines, Poland, Russia, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay and Vietnam. Between 2008 and 2010, more than 248,000 people from these countries were asked on their tobacco consumption.
The answers of the respondents were compared to about 189,000 studies led in the United States and the United Kingdom.
The researches revealed that 49% of men and 11% of women in the Global Adult Tobacco Survey countries were smokers or tried smokeless tobacco. Levels of smoking among women from listed countries are still low, although they took up smoking earlier. The women took up tobacco at the age of 17, rather than in their 20s.
The study revealed that the most popular tobacco product was cigarette. 64% of peope were smoking cigarettes.
China remains the country with the highest number of smokers. Nearly 53% of smokers are men. Generally, 301 million China’s residents used some form of tobacco.
India is on the second place after China. It counters 274 million tobacco users. 48 % of men are smokers. The investigators as well pointed out that quit ratios were lowest in these countries, together with Russia and Egypt.
The tobacco industry as well has invented methods to make tobacco products more appealing and “delicious” for nonsmokers who take up smoking, the researches found.
Tobacco products are obviously designed to provide particular taste and rise nicotine delivery, the study authors said.
The United States and the United Kingdom showed the highest quit ratios, along with Brazil and Uruguay, where tobacco-control strategies are the strongest, the researchers declared.
- Global tobacco use remains high
- China has Highest Rates of Smoking
- High Tobacco Taxes Have Little Effects